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英语不规则动词分类记忆

时间:2012-10-26 22:59 来源:未知 | 作者:admin | 本文已影响

一、AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词

read read read

cut cut cut

let let let

put put put

cost cost cost

hit hit hit

set set set

hurt hurt hurt

shut shut shut

二、ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

o/u /Λ/→ a/æ/→o /Λ/

原形 过去式 过去分词

become became become

come came come

run ran run

 

三、ABC型

1. ow/aw/y →ew/u:/ →own/əun/

原形 过去式 过去分词

blow blew blown

grow grew grown

know Knew/nju:/ known

draw drew drawn

fly flew flown

2. i→a/æ/ →u/Λ/

原形 过去式 过去分词

begin began begun

drink drank drunk

sing sang sung

swim swam swum

ring rang rung

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词

bear bore born

wear wore worn

speak spoke spoken

freeze froze frozen

choose chose chosen

steal stole stolen

get got gotten

forget forgot forgotten

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词

eat ate eaten

see saw seen

give gave given

fall fell fallen

do did done

go went gone

take took taken

mistake mistook mistaken

be(am.is.are) was/ were been

ride rode/rəud/ ridden/’ridn/

write wrote written/’ritn/

forbid forbade forbidden

 

四、ABB型

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形 过去式 过去分词

bring brought brought

buy bought bought

fight fought fought

think thought thought

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形 过去式 过去分词

catch caught caught

teach taught taught

 

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词

feed fed fed

meet met met

lead led led

hold held held

babysit babysat babysat

sit sat sat

win won won

find found found

 

4. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词

mean meant/ment/ meant

hear Heard/hə:d/ heard

make made made

lend lent lent

send sent sent

spend spent spent

5. 原形→□lt→□lt

原形 过去式 过去分词

feel felt felt

leave left left

deal dealt/delt/ dealt

build built built

6. 原形→□ept→□ept/ept/

原形 过去式 过去分词

keep kept kept

sleep slept slept

sweep swept swept

7辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形 过去式 过去分词

have had had

lay lain lain

lose lost lost

sell sold sold

tell told told

stand stood stood

understand understood understood

pay paid paid

say said said

五、AAB型

原形 过去式 过去分词

beat beat beaten

六、有两种形式

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思

hang hanged hanged 吊死

hung hung 挂

light lit lit 点燃

lighted lighted 可作前置定语

lie lied lied 说谎

lay lain 躺

show showed showed 给…看

showed shown

learn learned learned 学

learnt learnt

spell spelled spelled 拼

spelt spelt

burn burned burned 烧

burnt burnt

smell smelled smelled 闻

smelt smelt

shine shined shined 照耀

shone shone

dream dreamed dreamed 做梦

dreamt dreamt

wake waked waked 醒

woke woken

hide hid hid 躲藏

hid hidden

 

七、情态动词

原形 过去式 过去分词

can could ∕

may might ∕

must ∕ ∕

shall should ∕

will would ∕

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